Working Papers:

  • “Political Legitimacy and Stability: The Impact of Earthquakes on Conflict in Historical China.” pdf
  • “Understanding Administrative Hierarchy: The Political Logic and Economic Consequences” (with Ruixue Jia).  pdf
  • “The Struggle for Existence: Migration, Competition, and Human Capital Accumulation in Historic China.”  pdf
  • “A Reversal of Trade Fortune: Opium, Silver, and the Decline of Late Imperial China, 1789-1910” (with James Kung).  pdf
  • “Surname Distance and Technology Diffusion: Evidence from Historical China” (with James Kung). Revision resubmitted.  pdf


  • Bai, Ying. 2019. “Farewell to Confucianism: The Modernizing Effect of Dismantling China’s Imperial Examination System”  pdf
    Journal of Development Economics. In press.
  • Bai, Ying and Titi Zhou. 2019. “‘Mao’s Last Revolution’: A Dictator’s Loyalty-Competence Tradeoff.”  pdf
    Public Choice, vol. 180(3-4): 469-500.
  • Bai, Ying and Ruixue Jia. 2016. “Elite Recruitment and Political Stability: The Impact of the Abolition of China’s Civil Service Exam System.”  pdf
    Econometrica, vol. 84(2): 677-733.
  • Bai, Ying and James Kung. 2015. “Diffusing Knowledge while Spreading God’s Message: Protestantism and Economic Prosperity in China, 1840-1920.”  pdf
    Journal of the European Economic Association, vol. 13(4): 669–698.
  • Bai, Ying and James Kung. 2014. “The Shaping of an Institutional Choice: Weather Shocks, the Great Leap Famine, and Agricultural Decollectivization in China.”  pdf
    Exploration in Economic History, vol. 54 (lead article): 1-26.
  • Bai, Ying, James Kung and Yang Zhao. 2013. “How Much Expropriation Hazard is Too Much? Land Reallocation and Fertilizer Usage in Rural China.”  pdf
    Land Economics, vol. 90(3): 434-457.
  • Bai, Ying and James Kung. 2011. “Climate Shocks and Sino-nomadic Conflict.”  pdf
    Review of Economics and Statistics, vol. 93(3): 970-981.
  • Bai, Ying and James Kung. 2011. “Genetic Distance and Income Difference: Evidence from Changes in China’s Cross-Strait Relations.”  pdf
    Economics Letters, vol. 110(3): 255-258.
  • Kung, James and Ying Bai. 2011. “Induced Institutional Change or Transaction Costs? The Economic Logic of Land Reallocations in Chinese Agriculture.”  pdf
    Journal of Development Studies, vol. 47(10): 1510-1528.
  • Shen, Yan, Minggao Shen, Zhong Xu and Ying Bai. 2009. “Bank Size and Small- and Medium-sized Enterprise (SME) Lending: Evidence from China.”  pdf
    World Development, vol. 37(4): 800-811.


  • Development Economics (undergraduate)
  • Development Economics (graduate)